In this blog post, we`ll introduce the five most commonly used authentication protocols and explain how they work and what they`re doing. Historically, the most common form of authentication, single-factor authentication, is also the least secure, as only one factor is required to gain full access to the system. This can be a username and password, PIN, or other simple code. While user-friendly single-factor authenticated systems can be infiltrated relatively easily by phishing, key registration, or simple guessing. Since there is no other authentication gateway to cross, this approach is very vulnerable to attack. Protocol selection: OIDC, UMAHere, preference will be for OIDC as it is likely that a variety of devices, some of which are not browser-based, could be involved, which generally excludes SAML. The built-in consent associated with the OIDC improves the privacy aspects of data sharing. In addition, the use of signature and encryption can be used to enhance security aspects to an extent that adequately meets the requirements of processing such data. WS-Federation (WS-Fed): a standard developed by Microsoft and widely used in its applications. It defines how security tokens can be transported between different entities to exchange identity and authorization information. OpenID Connect was released in February 2014 by the OpenID Foundation and is the third generation of OpenID technology.
This is an authentication layer on the OAuth 2.0 authorization infrastructure. It enables IT clients to verify the identity of an end user based on authentication performed by an authorization server and obtain basic end-user profile information in an interoperable and REST-like manner. Technically, OpenID Connect specifies a RESTful HTTP API that uses JSON as the data format. Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is an authentication protocol primarily used by network solutions such as wireless networks, VPNs, and network infrastructure devices. RADIUS servers typically connect to a central directory service that contains the user`s credentials. RADIUS was initially primarily used by ISPs and others, but has since been reused to control Wi-Fi networks and VPNs. The RADIUS server then responds by accepting, disputing, or rejecting the user. Individual users can enjoy limited access without affecting other users. In the event of a dispute, the RADIUS server requests additional information from the user to verify their user ID – this can be a PIN or a secondary password. In case of refusal, the user will be unconditionally denied any access to the RADIUS protocol. While virtually all directory servers support LDAP, some servers support additional protocols that can be used to interact with data.
Some of these protocols include X.500 (the original directory access protocol, for which LDAP is a much lighter version), naming service protocols such as DNS and NIS, HTTP-based protocols such as DSML and SCIM, and proprietary protocols such as Novell`s NDS. TACACS+ has important distinguishing features. It allows full encryption of authentication packets as they cross the network between the server and the network device. This prevents an attacker from stealing your credentials as they cross the network. Another approach is to include a nonce – a random number used only once – in the message. Participants can then detect the attacks by proofreading by checking if a nuncio has already been used. Unfortunately, this requires keeping track of past nuncios, many of which could accumulate. One solution is to combine the use of timestamps and nonces, so that nonces only need to be unique within a certain period of time. This ensures the uniqueness of manageable non-those, while only a loose synchronization of watches is necessary. FIDO2 Projecten.wikipedia.org/wiki/FIDO2_ProjectThe FIDO2 project is a joint effort of the FIDO Alliance and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to create strong authentication for the Web.
At its core, FIDO2 consists of the W3C Web Authentication (WebAuthn) standard and the FIDO Client to Authenticator Protocol 2 (CTAP2). FIDO2 is based on previous work of the FIDO Alliance, in particular the Universal 2nd Factor Authentication (U2F) standard. SAML 2.0 defines several protocols for responding to requests, all of which correspond to the action communicated in the message. These protocols are based on HTTP redirects and involve the user`s browser. SAML 2.0 has defined several binding options, HTTP redirection, HTTP POST, HTTP artifact, and SOAP. These options determine how messages can be transported. SAML 2.0 HTTP POST enables the transmission of SAML protocol messages in an HTML form using Base64-encoded content. SAML 2.0 HTTP POST allows the SAML provider and the consumer to communicate through an HTTP user agent as an intermediary. HTTP POST is sometimes referred to as browser POST, especially when used in single sign-on operations. The SAML 2.0 Web browser single sign-on profile is set to support Web single sign-on. A user either accesses a resource from a service provider or accesses an identity provider so that the service provider and the desired resource are understood or implied.